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||THE DIVERSITY OF MATTER
A glass that is half full is also half empty.
Reality that is experienced is subjective, which means it has a different form depending on the person who perceives it.
Then how is it possible to describe matter in an objective, qualitative and quantitative manner?
How is it possible to prevent us from being misled by our senses?
That’s where science comes in by defining laws that govern matter itself until it is possible to predict even behaviour. Even if physics and chemistry are different subjects that are difficult to bring together, it is possible to raise curiosity and interest and make scientific laws more accessible.
Beyond the senses
A different way of exploring reality
Offered by: Università di Genova, Dipartimento di Fisica, CNR–PSC and INFM. Project made possible through a partnership with Telecom Italia
Observe reality, plan and conduct experiments, develop models: three fundamental actions that enable scientists and technocrats to develop those innovative products that become a part of our day-to-day lives without users even realizing the work behind the scenes to reach those results. This exhibition – a continuation of “The wonders of science” – invites you to observe reality through a researcher’s eyes.
It is developed around three thematic areas:
Optical illusions, holograms and anamorphous remind us that the senses often mislead us.
Passing from a qualitative description to a quantitative description without stopping at appearances is the first step to becoming an aspiring researcher. Tools and devices often provide information on what is not directly accessible through the senses. For instance, it is possible to see if there is a stone inside an olive without crushing it or to discover the second thoughts of an artist as he painted his masterpiece.
Physical laws and circus acrobatics
Offered by: Associazione Culturale Sarabanda in collaboration with Fumach’nduma association
We always admire and are amazed by the gymnast, acrobat, tight-rope walker or juggler: these people seem to take the human body to the limit and keep their balance or make movements that are near to the impossible. But what are the limits of what is possible and what determines them? Once again, basic science provides us with the answer.
Simple circus acts are proposed to young and old to spark their interest and have fun with the goal to promote understanding that goes beyond the superficial comprehension of mechanisms that we see around us our inside us.
Major circus artists put on shows in the street and visitors are invited to try out some tricks performed by jugglers, artists, acrobats and clowns.
The flavours of science
Cooking under the microscope
Offered by: CNR–PSC, in collaboration with the Università di Genova, Dipartimento di Chimica, DIPTERIS, City of Genova. The “Science in the Kitchen” project was developed with the support of Coop Liguria
To a careful eye, the kitchen is like a scientific laboratory: chemical and physical reactions are the name of the game.
This year the “Flavours of Science” project offers first time thematic conferences, workshops, scientific cocktails, dinners and even a conference-show. The expert on molecular gastronomy, Peter Barham, and the Fiorentina football team cook, Andrea Trapani, will break down oil, change the state of chocolate and make unusual soft candies that once inside your mouth, turn hot and hard then melt immediately and become cold. There will be laboratories on sensorial perception and two exhibits on food biodiversity. In addition to the new proposals are the usual daily events with “Science in the Kitchen”, dedicated to the chemical and physical aspects at the base of preparing food such as the rising of a cake or beating an egg.
Forensics in progress… Keep out!
the science of investigation
Offered by: ComunicaMente, Gabinetto Regionale di Polizia Scientifica per la Liguria
Intuition is not enough to solve a case. Every day analysis methods and advanced technologies help police officers in the Forensic Science Unit to solve criminal investigations.
But how does the work of a forensic scientist work from a practical standpoint? It is a role that requires a broad range of skills in several areas from anthropology to orthodontics, and from information technology to psychology. These white-robed detectives analyze evidence, compare traces, reconstruct events working in groups, side by side, sharing theories and discussing results. Interdisciplinary, multimedia, simulation and teamwork: these are the key words that make the police forensics lab work. The unit will be showing a reconstruction of some crime scenes from the infamous serial killer Jack the ripper.
Jump and bounce
Physics games and experiments with big balls and little balls
Offered by: Associazione Culturale Googol
This is the laboratory where the main character is the ball, coming in many colours and sizes, but always ready to jump and bounce!
You’ll go through the several areas of the lab and let the rolling balls enchant us. You’ll see the shapes, follow them as they roll off and fall to then understand what they are made of. You’ll find out why they bounce and if you can determine the path of a ball before it hits the wall. The Earth is also a ball, a globe that turns in space! Just look up to see the countless balls that populate the universe. Finally, a route to understand why the ball is a unique solid, which practically perfect!
Magisterial lesson and international dialogues
The story of the universe and its secrets will be told in different ways. The physicist Giovanni Amelino Camelia will speak about the theory of unification of the fundamental forces known as quantum gravity, proposing a reflection on the value of the Italian scientific tradition. The theme of cosmology also returns in Paul Steinhardt’s Magisterial Lesson, where he will tell us about cyclic universes and the possible existence of parallel worlds. The story of particle physics will be told from the point of view of the experiments in Giovanni Bollettini’s talk, which will concentrate on the large accelerators being built in Geneva. Giovanni Bignami’s Magisterial lesson will instead concentrate on the planets beyond our Solar System, with the precious aid of a series of images and, finally, Etienne Klein will make the public interrogate itself on the nature of time.